Jetzt online bestellen! Heimlieferung oder in Filiale: Ritual and Mythology of the Chinese Triads: Creating an Identity von Barend Haar | Orell Füssli: Der. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. This study presents an investigation into the phenomenon of the Chinese Triad, its rituals and mythological lore and its meanings and functions. Using a variety.
Ritual and Mythology of the Chinese Triads: Creating an IdentityJetzt online bestellen! Heimlieferung oder in Filiale: Ritual and Mythology of the Chinese Triads: Creating an Identity von Barend Haar | Orell Füssli: Der. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. of the principal organized groups such as the Italian Mafia groups, the Colombian cartels, the Japanese Yakuza, the Chinese Triads and the Russian maftya.
Chinese Triads Categories VideoInside Taiwan’s Most Notorious Mafia
Spielen Chinese Triads, haben wir Chinese Triads. - InhaltsverzeichnisLink zu dieser Seite kopieren. A century ago, Hong Kong had hundreds of triads, their numbers lifted by waves of immigration from mainland China. Today, there are only a few dozen groups with interconnected ties and allegiances. Chinese triads are much more splintered in organization and scope, compared to the Yakuzas. Chinese triads are splintered into Taiwanese ones, HK ones, South East Asian ones, US ones, etc etc, with no formal structures linking them. Yakuza, on the other hand, are much more cohesive, in hierarchy, organization and cohesive. The following is a list of Chinese triad societies: 14K Group 十四K. 14K Baai Lo 十四K 湃廬; 14K Chung 十四K 忠字堆; 14K Chung Yee Tong 十四K 忠義堂; 14K Hau 十四K 孝字堆; 14K Kim 十四K 劍字堆; 14K Lai 十四K 禮字堆; 14K Lun 十四K 倫字堆; 14K Ngai 十四K 毅字堆; 14K Sai Shing Tong 十四K 西勝堂; 14K Sai Yee Tong 十四K 西義堂. Triad, Term used variously for secret societies in Qing-dynasty China (and sometimes earlier), for modern Chinese crime gangs, and for crime gangs of other Asian nationals operating in their own countries or abroad. A secret society with the name Triad started operating in the early 19th century in southern China, where it took root and spread. Triad is a transnational criminal organization that is based in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore among many other countries. There are currently four major Triads in existence: Wo Hop To, Wo Shing Wo, Sun Yee On, 14K (Sap Sie Kie) and Luen. Wo Hop To is a Hong Kong-based organization and their influence have been documented in San Francisco. Angaben ohne ausreichenden Beleg könnten demnächst entfernt werden. Lehmanns Verlag. Bitte hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und gute Belege einfügst.
Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
Law enforcement and intel have it that the Vanguard may actually hold the highest power or final word. A military commander also known as a Red Pole , overseeing defensive and offensive operations, is ; 49 denotes a soldier , or rank-and-file member.
The White Paper Fan provides financial and business advice , and the Straw Sandal is a liaison between units. Blue Lanterns are uninitiated members, equivalent to Mafia associates, and do not have a designating number.
According to De Leon Petta Gomes da Costa, who interviewed triads and authorities in Hong Kong, most of the current structure is a vague, low hierarchy; the traditional ranks and positions no longer exist.
Similar to the Indian thuggees or the Japanese yakuza , triad members participate in initiation ceremonies. After drinking a mixture of wine and blood from the animal or the candidate , the member passes beneath an arch of swords while reciting the triad's oaths.
The paper on which the oaths are written will be burnt on the altar to confirm the member's obligation to perform his duties to the gods.
Three fingers of the left hand are raised as a binding gesture. Similar to triads, Tongs originated independently in early immigrant Chinatown communities.
The word means "social club", and tongs are not specifically underground organizations. The first tongs formed during the second half of the 19th century among marginalized members of early immigrant Chinese-American communities for mutual support and protection from nativists.
Modeled on triads, they were established without clear political motives and became involved in criminal activities such as extortion, illegal gambling, drug and human trafficking, murder and prostitution.
Triads were also active in Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. When Malaysia and Singapore with the region's largest population of ethnic Chinese became crown colonies , secret societies and triads controlled local communities by extorting protection money and illegal money lending.
Many conducted blood rituals, such as drinking one another's blood, as a sign of brotherhood; others ran opium dens and brothels.
Remnants of these former gangs and societies still exist. Due to government efforts in Malaysia and Singapore to reduce crime, the societies have largely faded from the public eye particularly in Singapore.
Triads were also common in Vietnamese cities with large Chinese especially Cantonese and Teochew communities. During the French colonial period , many businesses and wealthy residents in Saigon particularly in the Chinatown district and Haiphong were controlled by protection-racket gangs.
With Vietnamese independence in , organized crime activity was drastically reduced as Ho Chi Minh 's governments purged criminal activity in the country.
According to Ho, abolishing crime was a method of protecting Vietnam and its people. Diem banned brothels, massage parlours, casinos and gambling houses, opium dens, bars, drug houses and nightclubs, all establishments frequented by the triads.
The government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam purged and imprisoned organized criminals, including triads, in the Haiphong and Hanoi areas.
With pressure from Ho Chi Minh's police, Triad affiliates had to choose between elimination or legality. During the Vietnam War , the triads were eliminated in the north; in the south, Republic of Vietnam corruption protected their illegal activities and allowed them to control US aid.
During the s and s, all illegal Sino-Vietnamese activities were eliminated by the Vietnamese police. They are often involved in migrant smuggling. In Australia, the major importer of illicit drugs in recent decades has been 'The Company', according to police sources in the region.
This is a conglomerate run by triad bosses which focuses particularly on methamphetamine and cocaine. It has laundered money through junkets for high-stakes gamblers who visit Crown Casinos in Australia and Macau.
They cooperate with the police to impede the expansion of triads and other organized gangs. The Asian Gang Unit of the Metro Toronto Police was formerly responsible for dealing with triad-related matters, but a larger unit was created to deal with the broad array of ethnic gangs.
At the national and, in some cases, provincial level, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 's Organized Crime Branch is responsible for investigating gang-related activities including triads.
Asian gangs are found in many cities, primarily Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary and Edmonton. The Organized Crime and Law Enforcement Act provides a tool for police forces in Canada to handle organized criminal activity.
The act enhances the general role of the Criminal Code with amendments to deal with organized crime in dealing with criminal triad activities.
Asian organized-crime groups were ranked the fourth-greatest organized-crime problem in Canada, behind outlaw motorcycle clubs, aboriginal crime groups and Indo-Canadian crime groups.
In , it was estimated that criminal gangs associated with triads controlled 90 percent of the heroin trade in Vancouver , British Columbia.
From to , Southeast, East and South Asians accounted for 21 percent of gang deaths in British Columbia trailing only Caucasians, who made up The gang had been active for more than 10 years.
State Department Advisories: Travel. Australian travel warnings: dfat. Triads are family-run organized crime gangs.
They are sometimes refereed to as the Chinese Mafia or, among mainland Chinese, as "black societies. Chinese Triad societies control Chinese organized crime.
They are some of the world's largest crime organizations. They are believed to have more than , members, with , in Hong Kong alone.
The term "Triad" is relatively modern English term used to describe the triangular symbols found on flags and banners used by the Hung clan, also known as the Heaven and Earth Society.
The bosses of the Triads are called "dragonheads. The Triads are believed to control an empire worth many billions of dollars. The largest and most powerful Triad, Sun Yee On, is believed to have 40, members.
Sun Yee On is believed to be particularly well connected with the Hong Kong tycoons and Communist party elite. One high-level Communist official even referred to them as "patriotic.
According to legend the first Triads were founded by Chinese monks committed to fighting injustices. Over time these groups, it is said, became so politically powerful they were able to prop up or bring down emperors at their whim.
The Triads developed out of the 18th century Hung Society and often worked with foreign traders to bring opium into China. In the 19th century, they operated as secret societies opposed to the harsh rule of the Manchu Qing dynasty, regarded by many ethnic Han Chinese as Barbarian outsiders, and aimed to replace them the old Ming dynasty.
Some historians believe the Triads may have played a role in the toppling of the last emperor in The Triads thrived in the warlord era in the s, s and s, particularly in free-wheeling Shanghai, where at its height the Shanghai-based Green Gang had , members and had connections with Chiang Kai Chek and assaulted journalists who critiized the Kuomintang.
One of Shanghai's most notorious figures was Shanghai Du Yuesheng "Big-Eared Du" , a former sweet-potato vendor who started his life of crime as a policeman collecting protection money from local opium traders.
By the s, Du had become so influential that Chiang Kai-shek put him in charge of the "Bureau of Opium Suppression. Some gangs helped the Kuomintang nationalist fight against the Japanese during World War II; others became gangs of criminals that raged the Chinese countryside.
After the Communist take over in , Mao was able to quickly break the Triad power in the mainland. Triad hand signals It is estimated that there are 50 or so Triad gangs in Hong Kong.
The Triads have been active in Hong Kong almost since its inception. They were engaged in the local opium trade and helped and were assisted by the corrupt British police force.
In , corruption was so entrenched in Hong Kong that half the police force was dismissed for accepting bribes. The British cracked down on the Triads in Hong Kong in an aggressive anti-corruption campaign that began in the s, sharply curtailing the influence of the Triads on the police and the civil service.
The Triads are no longer as powerful in Hong Kong as they once were. In , it was estimated that only 5 to 10 percent of the "detected crime" in Hong Kong was Triad-related.
After the crackdown in Hong Kong, the Triads moved the bases of their operations across the border into southern Chinese provinces such as Guangdong, Fujian, Guanxi and Yunnan, and into Macau.
The Triads have done well in the free-wheeling cowboy capitalism in China, but it is hard to gauge how well because they operate quietly behind the scenes.
They are involved bribery, extortion, prostitution, smuggling and involved in shady real estate and stock market deals. The triads have always been active in the free-wheeling gambling haven of Macau.
Portuguese authorities vowed to clamp down after a string of killings and fire bombings. There was a report that a triad member plotted to murder a Macau casino dealer that ran a high-roller gaming room at the Sands Macau.
On the darker peripheries of the gambling business there are illegal activities such as loan sharking, prostitution and other activities That has historically been the case in Macau and will always be the case.
MGM Mirage responded that it would sell its 50 percent stake in an Atlantic City casino-resorts so it could hold on to its Macau casino-hotel.
Chinese mafia Triad members take many forms. In addition to being gangsters, are also respected judges, civil servants and politicians.
Triad members are friendly with Communist elite but have also helped smuggle pre-democracy activists out of the country. Many gangster members call themselves Triad members even though they are not really members of Triads.
The Triads are tribal-like organizations that follow a strict Confucian code of ethics in which elders are respected.
Romanticized in Asian films, the Triads have secret signs, exotic code names, and secret tattoos. Symbols are very important. A whole range of messages can be conveyed through glances and the way a cigarette is offered.
The mystique that surrounds the Triads is arguably intriguing than that of the Italian Mafia. New Triad members are initiated with elaborate rituals that can last six days and involves a highly symbolic ceremony.
New candidates often begin the ritual barefoot, and wearing special clothes and perform things like salutations, special handshakes, ritual dances and Taoist and Buddhist prayers.
The Hung clan welcomes new members with thirty-six year-old initiation oaths. One of them goes, "I shall not disclose the secrets of the Hung Family, not even to my parents, brothers or wife.
I shall never disclose the secrets for money. I shall die by a swarm of swords if I do so. One Triad ritual ends when the new recruit pledges his allegiance by shedding a few drops of blood into a cup of wine.
In recent years they have been moving more into credit card fraud, minibus concessions, call-girl rings, and computer software and CD pirating.
Sometimes Triad members are involved in extorting money from rich businessmen and contract murders. But these ceremonials are becoming rarer nowadays.
A reference figure in classical Chinese mythology is that of Guan Gong that exemplifies the Confucian qualities that a humble man must embody:.
Of these, the Triad, loyalty, and honesty are held in high esteem. Even today Guan Gong is almost a patron saint of the triads. Paradoxically, it is also for local police.
Unlike some international criminal organizations that are structured in a military manner and that completely control the political destiny of some nations, the triads operate on a much smaller scale, although they can count on very strong economic resources and are also able to exert pressure at the local government level.
On the contrary, the triads of the former English colony include several completely independent, although the rites, their organizations, and the background they refer to are similar.
There is no single design that regulates all activities. Even in the same organizations, there are different intentions and strategies.
A territory usually consists of a single street, a building, a market, a park. However, it often happens that overlap occurs in the same gangs generating infighting.
The triads use a numerical code to identify the degree and position within a gang. The members with this number are the real soldiers of the gangs.
The indicates the mountain teacher, the the vice-master of the mountain, the the fan of white paper, and the straw sandal.
A code that came into common use is 25 indicating a spy. Ceremonials to enter the triads over the years have been simplified: to access the first rank now it is sufficient to take an oral oath and participate in a simple ceremony such as that of hanging the Blue Lantern.
The authority of the leaders has come over the years less, and usually, a member tends to put his personal interests before those of the gang. Generally, an affiliate carefully weighs the benefits he can receive from a Dai Lo Big Brother.
If you do not feel satisfied with this relationship, you can approach another Dai Lo and request his protection. Matteo Damiani is an Italian sinologist, photographer, author and motion designer.
Matteo lived and worked for ten years in China. Founder of CinaOggi. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message.
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Learn how your comment data is processed. It functioned originally as a secret society during 17th century China with members who opposed the Qing Dynasty.
From being imbued with culture and a clear code of conduct , the group disintegrated into many factions in It was founded in in Guangdong Province in China.
They were identified by the Central Intelligence Agency CIA as being responsible for alien smuggling and prostitution of undocumented women in the United States.
In , it was discovered that two Hong Kong triads already had links to the Sinaloa cartel , one of the most powerful crime organizations in Mexico, in the production of crystal meth.
Triads in the Philippines, meanwhile, are mostly involved in money laundering, arms dealing, and illegal drugs, according to a US Congress report ,.The Luen Triad made up of several subgroups. A secret society with the name Triad started operating in the early 19th century in southern China, where it took root and spread. This article may be unbalanced towards certain viewpoints. Smart Beach Tour Hamburg help improve it or discuss these issues Danijel Taylor Gestorben the talk page.
UnabhГngig vom Spiel mГchten die Chinese Triads ihre Gewinne maximieren, dass Ihre personenbezogenen Daten von LIINOO vorГbergehend nicht Anna Kournikovas werden. - NavigationDie Einflussbezirke der beiden anderen wurden so aufgeteilt, dass die Hu-angs den Osten von China aus geseheninsbesondere Amerika zugeteilt bekamen, die Changs den Westen, insbesondere Europa. Triaden sind nach ihrem Symbol, dem Dreieck für „Himmel, Erde und Menschheit“, bezeichnete Vereinigungen im Bereich der organisierten Kriminalität, die ihren Ursprung im alten China zur Zeit der Qing haben. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates (English Edition) eBook: Charles River Editors: fabricationpollination.com The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. However triads were involved in some territorial disputes with the Irish mob, Jewish mafia and others. Triad Members Chinese mafia Friendscout Preise members Rtl2 Spiele many forms. On the contrary, the triads of the former English colony include several completely independent, although the Chinese Triads, their Apk Auf Android Installieren, and the background they refer to are similar. The principal source of income for these…. Archived from the original on 28 June Future of the Triads When asked what was going to happen to the Triads, one crime officials told UPI, "Whilst almost certainly some criminals will move overseas, the majority most definitely will not. He was taken away after his purple limousine was forced off the road and Jaak Casino kept in a refrigerator with air holes drilled in it. What is their history of political Kneipenspiele In ancient Chinathe triad was one of three major secret societies. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. Most Chinese secret societies, including the triads Snap Poker some of the remaining Ching Gang, relocated to British-controlled Hong Kong, Taiwan, Southeast Asia and overseas countries particularly the US and competed with the Tong and other Chinese secret societies. Chinese Triads categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from November All articles lacking in-text citations Fluffy articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with unsourced statements from July The British cracked down on the Triads in Hong Kong in an Kuhhandel Anleitung anti-corruption campaign that began in the s, sharply curtailing the influence of the Triads on Playtech Casinos police and the civil service. The term Triad designates several branches of underground societies and mafia organizations in southern China, in Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, and in Monster Spiel various Chinatowns scattered throughout North America and Europe.